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Andorra

History

From the Middle Ages until 1993, Andorra’s sovereignty was vested in two ‘princes’: the bishop of the Spanish border town of La Seu d’Urgell and the French president (who got the job from France’s pre-Revolutionary kings). Nowadays, democratic Andorra is a ‘parliamentary coprincedom’, the bishop and president remaining joint but nominal heads of state. Andorra is a member of the UN and the Council of Europe, but not a full member of the EU.